Buying Guide - Portable & Stationary Saws

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As far as history goes, saws go back a long way. Did you know that the first “circular saw” was created during the Bronze Age (about 2,000 years BC) and the first power circular was made in the last 18th century to ease the work in sawmills?

Nowadays, portable, and stationary saws are part of our toolboxes, workshops, worksites, and garages. But how much do you know about them and their uses?

Federated Tool is proud to provide you with this buying guide that will not only tell you all about corded saws, cordless saws, hand saws, and stationary saws, but also answer questions that you may have about them.


What are the different types of saws available on the market?


What is a bandsaw?

A bandsaw is a versatile power tool used in woodworking and metalworking to cut various materials. It features a continuous toothed metal band running in a loop between wheels. The two main types are vertical (blade stays vertical, workpiece moves) and horizontal (blade horizontal, for heavy pieces). Bandsaws excel in straight, curved, resawing, and ripping cuts. They are ideal for intricate shapes, veneers, and resawing lumber, providing smooth cuts with minimal waste. Their versatility and precision make them essential in workshops.

Check out our bandsaws’ online inventory!


Chop saw

What is a chop saw?

A chop saw is a power tool used for making quick, precise cuts in various materials, primarily metal and wood. It features a circular blade mounted on a pivoting arm. The blade is brought straight down onto the workpiece, typically producing 90-degree cuts.

There are two main types: metal chop saws and woodworking chop saws. Metal chop saws often use abrasive discs, while woodworking versions use toothed blades. Chop saws are known for their speed and accuracy, making them ideal for repetitive cutting tasks in construction and metalworking.


Circular saw

What is a circular saw?

A circular saw is a power tool used for cutting various materials, primarily wood, but also metal and plastic. It features a rotating, toothed blade that is mounted on an arbor. Circular saws can make straight, precise cuts and are often handheld for portability.

They are versatile, capable of making rip cuts (along the grain), crosscuts (against the grain), and bevel cuts (angled cuts). These saws are commonly used in construction, carpentry, and DIY projects due to their efficiency and ease of use.

Check out our cordless circular saws and corded circular saws’ online inventory!



What is a hacksaw?

A hacksaw is a hand tool used for cutting metal, plastic, and wood. It features a fine-toothed blade held in a frame, which can be adjusted for tension. The blade moves back and forth to make precise cuts. Hacksaws are commonly used in plumbing, metalworking, and DIY projects.

They are valued for their simplicity, versatility, and ability to make clean, accurate cuts in various materials.

Check out our hacksaws’ online selection for more details.



What is a handsaw?

A handsaw is a manual cutting tool used for sawing wood and other materials. It consists of a flat, serrated blade with a handle at one end. Handsaws are designed for various cutting tasks, including crosscutting, ripping, and detailed work, depending on the blade's tooth pattern and size.

They are lightweight, portable, and require no power source, making them versatile for many woodworking projects. Handsaws are commonly used in carpentry, construction, renovation and DIY tasks for making precise cuts by hand.

Check out our handsaws’ online selection for more details!


Japanese saw

What is a Japanese saw?

A Japanese saw is a type of handsaw known for its pull-stroke cutting action, which differs from the push-stroke used in Western saws. This design allows for more precise and controlled cuts with less effort. Japanese saws typically have a thinner blade with fine, sharp teeth, making them ideal for detailed woodworking tasks.

You can find exceptional Japanese saws in our handsaws section!


Jig saw

What is a jig saw?

A jig saw is a power tool used for cutting intricate shapes and curves in various materials, primarily wood, metal, and plastic. It features a thin, reciprocating blade that moves up and down. Jig saws are versatile and can make straight, curved, and beveled cuts.

They are often used for detailed and complex cutting tasks, such as cutting out stencils, making decorative cuts, and working on small crafts. Jig saws are appreciated for their precision and ability to handle delicate cutting jobs.

Check out our cordless jig saws and corded jig saws’ online inventory!


Miter saw / Mitre saw

What is a miter saw?

A miter saw is a power tool used for making precise crosscuts and angled cuts (miters) in wood and other materials. It has a circular blade mounted on a pivoting arm that can be adjusted to various angles. Types include standard mitre saw, compound mitre saw (for bevel cuts), and sliding compound (for extended cuts).

Miter saws are commonly used for cutting molding, trim, and framing materials. They are known for their accuracy and efficiency, making them essential for woodworking and carpentry projects.

Check out our cordless miter saws and corded miter saws’ online inventory for more information.


Oscillating multi-tool

What is an oscillating multi-tool?

An oscillating multi-tool is a versatile power tool with a rapidly oscillating blade or attachment, used for various tasks such as cutting, sanding, grinding, and scraping. It can work on wood, metal, drywall, grout, and plastics. The tool's compact, handheld design allows it to access tight spaces and perform precision work.

It's commonly used for home repairs, construction workers, renovations, and DIY projects. The ability to change attachments makes it adaptable for multiple applications, making it a valuable tool for professionals and hobbyists alike.

Check out our cordless oscillating multi-tools and corded oscillating multi-tools’ online inventory!


Panel saw

What is a panel saw?

A panel saw is a large woodworking tool used to cut sheet materials like plywood, MDF, and plastic panels. It consists of a vertically or horizontally mounted circular saw that moves along rails to make precise cuts. Panel saws are designed for handling large sheets, allowing for straight and accurate cuts with ease.

Panel saws are utilized in cabinetry, furniture manufacturing, and construction. The saw's design helps reduce the effort required to maneuver large panels, enhancing safety and efficiency.

Check out our panel saws’ online inventory!


Radial arm saw

What is a radial arm saw?

A radial arm saw is a versatile woodworking tool with a circular saw mounted on a horizontal arm, which can slide back and forth. This design allows for precise crosscuts, rip cuts, bevels, and miters. The arm's adjustability enables the saw to handle various cutting angles and depths. Radial arm saws are popular in carpentry and woodworking for their flexibility and ability to make accurate, repeatable cuts.

They are particularly useful for cutting long pieces of wood and performing complex cuts that would be difficult with other saw types. Safety features include blade guards and locking mechanisms.

Check out our radial arm saws’ online selection!


Reciprocating saw

What is a reciprocating saw?

A reciprocating saw is a power tool used for demolition and remodeling tasks, featuring a blade that moves back and forth (reciprocates) rapidly. It's designed for cutting through various materials such as wood, metal, and plastic. The saw's versatility allows it to make rough cuts in tight spaces and at awkward angles.

Reciprocating saws can be used in construction, plumbing, and electrical work. It's ideal for cutting through pipes, nails, and framing. Known for its efficiency and power, a reciprocating saw is essential for heavy-duty cutting tasks.

Check out our cordless reciprocating saws and corded reciprocating saws’ online inventory!


Scroll saw

What is a scroll saw?

A scroll saw is a small, electric saw used for intricate and detailed cutting work, particularly in woodworking and crafting. It features a fine, thin blade that moves up and down, allowing for precise control and tight, complex curves. Scroll saws are perfect for cutting intricate patterns, making puzzles, and detailed fretwork, making it a useful tool for woodworkers, artisans, and carpenters.

The blade's design enables easy maneuverability, making it perfect for delicate and detailed projects.

Check out our scroll saws’ online inventory!


Table saw

What is a table saw?

A table saw is a woodworking tool with a circular saw blade mounted on an arbor, driven by an electric motor. The blade protrudes through the surface of a table, providing support for cutting various materials. Table saws are used for making precise straight cuts (rips) and angled cuts (miters).

Table saws are popular in carpentry, renovation, and woodworking due to their accuracy, versatility, and efficiency. Safety features like blade guards, riving knives, and anti-kickback devices are often included to protect users during operation.

Check out our table saws’ online inventory!


Tile saw

What is a tile saw?

A tile saw is a specialized power tool designed for cutting tiles made of hard materials like ceramic, porcelain, stone, and glass. It typically features a diamond-coated blade that can cut through hard surfaces with precision. Tile saws often use water to cool the blade and reduce dust, improving the cutting process and extending the blade's life.

They are essential for achieving clean, accurate cuts, especially for intricate patterns and angles. Tile saws are commonly used in tiling projects for floors, walls, and countertops.

Check out our cordless tile saws and corded tile saws’ online inventory!



FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) about portable and stationary saws

How do I choose the right saw blade for my project?     

Choosing the right blade for your saw depends on multiple factors, including the type of saw you have, the material you're cutting, the project your want to achieve, and the desired finish. Here are some essential factors to consider prior to purchase:

1. Type of Saw

  • Circular Saw: Blades are typically between 5.5 and 7.25 inches in diameter. They can be used for cutting wood, metal, plastic, and masonry.
  • Table Saw: Uses larger blades (typically 10 to 12 inches) and is suitable for precise, repetitive cuts.
  • Miter Saw: Ideal for making angled cuts and uses blades like those of a table saw.
  • Jigsaw: Uses thin, narrow blades and is suitable for intricate cuts.
  • Band Saw: Uses continuous loops of toothed metal and is suitable for curved cuts.

2. Material Being Cut

  • Wood: General-purpose wood-cutting blades have fewer teeth (24-60) for faster cuts, while blades with more teeth (80-100) provide smoother finishes.
  • Metal: Blades designed for metal cutting have fewer, more durable teeth and are often carbide-tipped.
  • Plastic: Use fine-toothed blades to prevent chipping and cracking.
  • Masonry: Use diamond-tipped blades for cutting concrete, brick, and stone.

3. Type of Cut

  • Rip Cut: Blades with fewer teeth (16-40) are suitable for cutting along the grain of wood.
  • Crosscut: Blades with more teeth (60-100) are better for cutting across the grain, providing a cleaner finish.
  • Combination: Blades with a medium number of teeth (40-60) can perform both rip and cross cuts reasonably well.
  • Finish Cut: High-tooth-count blades (80-120) provide the smoothest finish and are ideal for trim work and fine woodworking.

4. Blade Material and Teeth

  • High-speed steel (HSS): Durable and suitable for general-purpose cutting.
  • Carbide-tipped: Lasts longer and stays sharper, suitable for tougher materials.
  • Diamond-Tipped: Best for masonry and tile cutting.
  • Tooth Design: Alternate Top Bevel (ATB) for cross-cutting, Flat Top Grind (FTG) for ripping, Combination Tooth (ATBR) for general-purpose, and Triple Chip Grind (TCG) for hard materials like metal and laminate.


What are the five saws I must have in my workshop?

Whether you are a professional carpenter, a general contractor, or an experienced woodworker, having a well-rounded set of saws in your workshop can greatly enhance your woodworking and building capabilities. Here are five essential saws that are a must-have for most workshops:

1. Circular Saw

  • Versatility: Can make rip cuts, crosscuts, and beveled cuts in a variety of materials including wood, metal, and plastic.
  • Portability: Easy to move around, making it ideal for both on-site and workshop use.
  • Power: Powerful enough to handle thick materials and large projects.

2. Table Saw

  • Precision: Excellent for making precise and repetitive cuts, such as rip cuts and crosscuts.
  • Stability: Provides a stable surface for cutting large pieces of wood.
  • Versatility: Can be equipped with various blades for different materials and cuts.

3. Miter Saw

  • Angled Cuts: Perfect for making precise angled cuts, bevels, and compound cuts.
  • Speed: Quick and efficient for cutting trim, molding, and framing materials.
  • Accuracy: Ensures accurate cuts with built-in angle gauges and stops.

4. Jigsaw

  • Intricate cuts: Ideal for making curved, intricate, and detailed cuts.
  • Versatility: Can cut a variety of materials including wood, metal, and plastic with the appropriate blade.
  • Ease of use: Lightweight and easy to maneuver, great for freehand cutting.

5. Band Saw

  • Curved cuts: Excellent for making smooth, curved cuts and resawing (cutting wood into thinner pieces).
  • Thickness cutting: Capable of cutting thick materials that other saws cannot handle.
  • Versatility: Can cut wood, metal, and other materials with the appropriate blade.


What are the advantages of using a cordless saw versus a corded saw?

When deciding to buy saws, you have multiple options. But what about cordless vs corded? Which one is the best choice? Here are the benefits for each to help you decide.

What are the benefits of buying a cordless saw?

  • Portability: Easier to move around and use in locations without power outlets.
  • Convenience: No need to manage cords, reducing the risk of tripping or tangling.
  • Flexibility: Ideal for outdoor projects and tight spaces where cords may be restrictive.

What are the benefits of buying a corded saw?

  • Power: Typically offers more consistent and higher power for demanding tasks.
  • Unlimited run rime: No need to recharge batteries, allowing for continuous use.
  • Reliability: Generally, more reliable for heavy-duty and prolonged cutting tasks.

What are the best tools brands for saws?


  • Reputation: Known for durability and high performance.
  • Innovation: Regularly introduces new technology and features.
  • Range: Offers a wide variety of saws for different applications.


  • Quality: Renowned for precision engineering and reliability.
  • Ergonomics: Designed for user comfort and ease of use.
  • Battery Technology: Excellent cordless options with long battery life.


  • Precision: High accuracy and quality in both corded and cordless models.
  • Innovative features: Includes advanced safety and performance features.
  • Versatility: Wide range of tools suitable for professionals and DIYers.


  • Durability: Built to withstand heavy use and tough conditions.
  • Performance: Strong emphasis on power and efficiency.
  • Battery System: Exceptional battery life and power with their M18 and M12 systems.


What safety precautions should I take when using a power saw?

  • Wear protective gear: Always wear safety goggles, hearing protection, and appropriate clothing. Avoid loose clothing and jewelry that could get caught in the saw.
  • Read the manual: Familiarize yourself with the saw's user manual to understand its features, settings, and safety guidelines.
  • Inspect the saw: Before each use, check the saw for any damage or defects. Ensure the blade is sharp, properly installed, and secured.
  • Secure the workpiece: Use clamps or a vise to hold the material firmly in place to prevent it from moving during cutting.
  • Use the safety features: Always use the saw’s safety features, such as blade guards, riving knives, and anti-kickback pawls.
  • Use proper technique: Follow the correct procedures for starting, operating, and stopping the saw. Always keep hands away from the blade and use push sticks or guides when necessary.
  • Disconnect power: Unplug the saw or remove the battery when changing blades, making adjustments, or performing maintenance.
  • Emergency preparedness: Know the location of the emergency stop button and have a first aid kit readily available.



Any questions?

Do you want to learn more about our portable and stationary saws, our cordless and corded saws, our prices, or our services? Contact us today by phone or e-mail! Our team of experts will be happy to answer your questions! You can order your corded and cordless saws online and get fast shipping everywhere in Ontario and Canada.



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